Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with several connected sorts of outfits originating in the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the initial garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but often also for lounging,[two] also by both equally sexes.[three] More usually, pajamas could confer with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.

The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[5][6] The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Business rule in India.[7][8]

The worldwide use of pajamas (the term and the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India from the 18th and nineteenth hundreds of years, along with the British influence on the wider Western world during the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell away from trend. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of the nineteenth century. They didn't become a style in Britain and also the Western environment as sleeping apparel for men till the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This type of garment is used by many people in India e.g. by Females of various lessons, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the practice just like a good quite a few Other folks in the Portuguese. So Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently Employed in London stores. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was in some cases the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is as a result of White Ants."[10]


Conventional pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants blend made from smooth fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket element normally has a placket entrance and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[12] Lots of individuals choose to snooze or lounge in just the pajama pants, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama trousers for men and boys in many cases are sold as separates.

In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.

Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (also referred to as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening within the seat, intended to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but inside the early 20-to start with century They're relatively scarce.

Up to date pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are lots of versions in model which include brief sleeve pajamas,[14] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, a single-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating several materials. Chiefly within the US, stretch-knit snooze attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Usually worn by little ones, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.

Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated muske pidzame sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have occasionally integrated the latter like a best. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very form of small costume top rated about shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may well currently check with Women of all ages's mix daywear, specifically in the US where by they turned well known during the early twentieth century, consisting of shorter-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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